Organization Development (OD) is a growing field of Human Resource Management. It has its foundations in a number of behavioural and social sciences. Organization Development believes that every part of an organization is integral to a system that relies on and impacts other elements of the internal and external environment in which the organization operates.
Organization Development is:
- Planned Activity
- Effects Entire Organization
- Requires Support from All Levels
- Aims to improve Organizational Effectiveness and Health
- Goals Flow from Deliberate Interventions
Key Characteristics of Organization Development:
- Initiated in Response to Need/Problem like Turnover, Absenteeism,Low Job Satisfaction
- Often conducted by Outside Consultant-Gives Independence
- Views Organization as a System- Interdependence
- Involves Extensive Planning: deal with Resistance, Systematic Diagnosis, Develop Change Plan
- Based on Behavioral Science Knowledge: large Range Available
- Process Often Experiential
The Core Business of Organization Development is:
To construct a great Organization which will nurture and grow the Human Spirit so that the Organization will remain relevant and fit for its constituents. To ensure the organization’s strategic ambition can be delivered to ensure during turbulent change, the organization capability is maintained, aligned and improved and to ensure the organization’s health is maintained or further developed through a planned change effort.
Three Basic Approaches to Organization Development:
- Better Utilization of Human Resources
- Improving the Level of Morale, Motivation & Commitment of Members
- Relates the element of the Organization to one another.
- Includes Downsizing, Decentralization & Centralization
- Changes in Machinery, Methods, Automation, Job Design
- Change have helped companies to be more Productive